The Republic of China is a collection of islands situated in East Asia. The largest of these was formerly called Formosa and is currently known as Taiwan.
With a land area just slightly larger than Belgium, the Republic of China is home to approximately 24 million inhabitants. Its capital city, Taipei, boasts a population of nearly 2.5 million.
Relations between the Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China (mainland China) are infamously strained, as both entities claim sovereignty over the other.
While only 13 countries around the world officially recognize the Republic of China as a sovereign state, many maintain trade and cooperation relations with it through representative offices that function similarly to embassies.
The constant risk of mainland China’s potential invasion and annexation of Taiwan to the People’s Republic looms large, making my upcoming trip to the island all the more significant.
Originally planned for 2014 to meet up with friends, unforeseen obstacles caused me to postpone the trip until November 2019.
Finally, the time has come, and I am excited to join Yong Xiang and Jing Zhe, who have graciously agreed to guide me as we explore the breathtaking sights of Taiwan.
Spoiler alert: in this video I briefly explain what you are going to see and read in this post
The Air China flight from Milan to Beijing was enjoyable and arrived on time.
However, locating the connecting flight to Taipei has proven to be a challenging task. The airport is crowded with passengers from various flights, and the signage is inadequate and sometimes only in Chinese.
The ongoing renovation work is evident from the scaffolding and blocked-off corridors. Unfortunately, the airport authorities have not made any effort to ease the inconvenience for passengers, and the Chinese officials’ attitude is unwelcoming and reminiscent of my experience in Moscow, while travelling to Uzbekistan.
At least the airport is interesting and the flight to Taipei feels like it goes by in a flash.
Yong Xiang is waiting for me at the exit of Taipei’s airport, and during the metro ride that will take me to the Ximen district, where I have rented a studio apartment, I realise the mountainous and very green nature of the northern part of Taiwan.
The changing landscape will entertain you
Yong Xiang, a prominent LGBT activist in Taiwan, may just be the youngest in the field. If you’ve read my book Revenge, you might recognize his name from the character of a detective in the second part.
Despite his young age of 18, I still remember his vibrant personality from videos three years ago, when he would roam the streets of Taipei in a unicorn costume, proudly waving a giant rainbow flag.
I was immediately intrigued by such a dynamic individual and knew I couldn’t delay my trip to Taiwan any longer when I found out I could not only meet him but also have him as my guide for a few days.
I will now show you a glimpse of Ximen, the neighbourhood where I will be staying for the next 14 days.
Lights, people, noise
For nightlife lovers
Although I didn’t know much about Ximen when I booked my accommodation, I was drawn to its affordable rates and convenient location near public transportation. However, upon arriving, I quickly realize that there is so much more to this vibrant district, especially at night.
Like many other Asian cities with a temperate climate, the darkness brings about a lively atmosphere with illuminated giant screens, colorful neon lights, and various food stalls. Street performers, who are highly talented and respected by the Taiwanese, add to the excitement.
Despite the crowds, people are eager to step out of their homes to enjoy the night. Whether it is for eating, shopping, attending a show, or simply strolling with friends, the streets are always bustling with activity.
For those who love this kind of ambiance, there’s good news: since Taiwan shares the same time zone as mainland China, the night falls early here, giving you more time to enjoy the busy nightlife.
Upon seeing a rainbow flag painted on the ground of Ximen’s main square, I have a strong sense that the neighborhood is welcoming to the LGBTQ+ community. Yong Xiang, my guide, confirms this impression and takes me to a lively area with numerous bars and shops, where most customers appear to be gay.
The tolerance and acceptance of diverse lifestyles is one of the reasons why many people in Taiwan oppose its integration into the People’s Republic of China. While the loss of voting rights and freedom of expression are the most obvious concerns, the restriction on openly expressing one’s identity is also a significant issue, even for those who are not LGBTQ+.
Although homosexuality is no longer a crime in mainland China, it is strictly forbidden to discuss or advertise it in the media. As a result, many LGBTQ+ people in isolated areas face considerable challenges in their daily lives. In contrast, rainbow flags are often displayed outside public and government offices in Taiwan, indicating a commitment to inclusivity.
As someone with friends on both sides of the Taiwan Strait, I have learned that opinions about Taiwan’s relationship with China are deeply divided.
While many Taiwanese harbor resentment towards China, which is often depicted negatively in the media, there are two opposing views in mainland China. Some advocate for greater openness and support Taiwan’s desire for independence, while others view Taiwan as a wayward child who needs to be disciplined for resisting authority.
This disagreement is not about economic benefits, as Taiwan’s thriving economy is widely recognized, but about differing moral values. For some Chinese, Taiwanese society is perceived as too liberal and corrupted by Western influences.
Despite feeling tired due to jetlag, I enthusiastically accept Yong Xiang’s invitation to visit Xiangshan, also known as Elephant Mountain, and witness the stunning views of Taipei.
Having visited Asia before, I’m prepared for the inevitable climb of hundreds of steps to reach the top, except for my experience in Uzbekistan. However, in this case, the climb only lasts around twenty minutes, and the steps are manageable in height.
Additionally, the Xiangshan metro station is conveniently located only 10 minutes away from the mountain’s base, making it an easy half-day excursion that shouldn’t be missed.
As you can read on the sign in the first photo, the mountain is so named because of its elongated nose shape, and the view from the top is indeed remarkable, with the Taipei 101 skyscraper in clear view.
Not surprisingly, that is our next destination.
The Taipei 101 skyscraper, named for its impressive 101 floors, stands as the fifth tallest building in the world.
This towering structure accommodates hundreds of offices, providing a daily workspace for approximately 10,000 employees. For visitors, the building offers a viewing platform situated on the 89th floor. Thanks to its high-speed elevators, guests can reach the platform in just 45 seconds.
While I did not have the chance to visit the platform due to its relatively high ticket price and the fact that I had already taken in the view from Elephant Mountain, I welcome anyone who has experienced the view from Taipei 101 to share their thoughts in the comments.
The next day, Yong Xiang has to return to school, so I venture out solo to the National Palace Museum.
This renowned museum has been a subject of dispute between mainland China and Taiwan. The Chinese assert that the tens of thousands of artefacts on display were looted from the Forbidden City, while the Taiwanese maintain that the transfer was essential to safeguard their national heritage from the ravages of Mao’s Cultural Revolution.
Regardless of the controversy, the museum is a stunning tribute to the country’s history and culture. I hope the pictures I captured do justice to its magnificence.
The Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall stands tall as a symbol of remembrance for the former president of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek. It’s a mere distance of 3 km from my lodging, prompting me to opt for a pleasant walk to explore the monument and the nearby 228 Peace Memorial Park.
The park derives its name from the catastrophic events that unfolded on February 28, 1947, when the government forcefully quelled a series of protests sparked by the detention of a cigarette vendor. This act was the proverbial straw that broke the camel’s back, as the people deemed the government corrupt.
The aftermath of this incident was two years of chaos and unrest, culminating in the imposition of martial law in 1949. This era marked the darkest phase in Taiwan’s history, commonly known as the ‘white terror.’
Apart from a museum that chronicles the events leading up to that infamous day, the park boasts a range of attractions, including a monument, pavilions, serene ponds, and an amphitheater.
A short stroll from there will lead you to the colossal Freedom Square, a hub of architectural marvels featuring the iconic Chiang Kai-shek monument, the National Theatre, and the Concert Hall.
The accompanying video captures the grandeur of this remarkable destination.
Huge square and impressive buildings
Chiang Kai-shek is a polarizing figure, evoking mixed emotions amongst the Taiwanese population.
In 1928 he assumed leadership of the Republic of China, which at the time was actually mainland China, since Taiwan was under japanese occupation. After his defeat to Mao Zedong’s forces in the Chinese Civil War, he withdrew to Taiwan, where he led the nation until 1975.
Although he is admired for his military and political acumen, and his instrumental role in defeating Japan, fighting communism, and propelling economic growth in China and Taiwan, it cannot be overlooked that his martial law imposition led to the “white terror” era.
This is merely a brief overview of Chiang Kai-shek’s complex legacy. For those seeking more comprehensive information, an abundance of resources are available online.
f you arrive at the designated times of just before 11am or 5pm (please verify the current schedule), you will have the fortunate opportunity to witness the changing of the guard ceremony.
Despite not being particularly interested in military displays, I was thoroughly impressed by this spectacle and even returned to see it twice more during my time in Taipei. The precision and synchronization exhibited by the soldiers is truly remarkable, as demonstrated in the accompanying video.
While the video may be lengthier than previous recordings, it is a must-see for those who appreciate exceptional teamwork and group performances.
A very entertaining changing od the guards at the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
On November 6th, I devote the day to exploring some of the city’s temples.
The Lungshan temple, in particular, is worthy of recognition for its enchanting ambiance and unique blend of Buddhist and Chinese deities.
Upon arrival, visitors are provided with an incense stick at the entrance (note that in Taiwan you must use the opening on your right to enter and exit any temple). After lighting the incense in a special brazier, visitors may approach the deity of their choice to request assistance. It’s important to select the right deity as each specializes in a specific field.
As a sign of reverence, I didn’t take photographs of the altars. However, you can imagine the grandeur of the statues housed within.
A magic atmosphere which tempts you to return several times
A customary practice involves clutching two scarlet wooden shells and expressing a desire, followed by tossing the shells onto the ground. The outcome of the wish depends on the side facing up when the shells land.
In the accompanying photograph, the two shells are visible to the left and right of the individual’s feet who tossed them.
The following two photos show the Qingshui and Qingshian temples respectively.
Less imposing than Lungshan but still very interesting.
On the 7th of November, I have planned to explore two museums and three night markets.
While I can visit the museums on my own during the day, I’ll need Yong Xiang’s assistance to navigate the night markets and explore the most fascinating things they have to offer.
The two museums are conveniently located near each other, and I can purchase a single ticket for both, which is priced at a mere €1.25.
The first museum is the National Taiwan Museum, established in 1908 by the Japanese colonial government, and is the oldest museum on the island. It is located in close proximity to the 228 Peace Memorial Park and provides an in-depth understanding of Taiwan’s rich history, as well as its unique flora and fauna.
Currently, the museum also features an engaging temporary exhibition of Australian art.
The second is the Land Bank Exhibition Hall, which houses an interesting collection of archaeological artefacts.
The hall used to host headquarters of the Kangyo Bank, opened during the Japanese colonial period, and was converted into a museum space once the bank moved out.
Yong Xiang accompanies me as dusk sets in, and we venture towards the bustling Guangzhou and Huaxi markets, which seem to seamlessly blend into each other.
The former offers an array of enticing goods to liven up an evening with a loved one, while the latter is distinguished by the abundance of massage parlours and eateries that specialize in unique delicacies such as… snake dishes!
It’s no surprise that this vibrant marketplace is a favorite among international tourists visiting Taipei.
Nevertheless, the Shilin night market, situated in the district bearing the same name, is poised to take over the throne, thanks to its vast size and popularity among the city’s residents.
Despite the fact that Shilin market lacks any standout features that set it apart from the multitude of other night markets dotting Taipei’s streets, it draws crowds of visitors for reasons that remain somewhat elusive.
It’s loud, it’s messy … but apparently it’s fun!
As the weekend arrives, Yong Xiang proposes a refreshing escape from the scorching heat of Taipei to the cooler and breezier Tamsui, which I eagerly embrace. Despite being mid-November, the daytime temperature in the city still lingers above 30 degrees, exacerbated by the hustle and bustle of the urban landscape.
Tamsui, a picturesque district of New Taipei, derives its name from the meandering river that forms a natural boundary between Taipei and New Taipei, as captured in the accompanying photograph.
Despite the slight drop in temperature, I welcomed Yong Xiang’s suggestion to indulge in an ice cream treat.
In retrospect, I should have been more perceptive of his mischievous grin, but I failed to sense any warning signs at the time. Unfortunately, by the time I realized the hidden meaning behind “having an ice cream” in Tamsui, it was already too late.
Aside from the mega-ice cream, Tamsui boasts a variety of engaging tourist activities.
Among them is a visit to the Former British Consulate Residence, which served as the official residence of the British consuls from 1864 to 1971.
Stepping inside this historic residence is like taking a journey back to late 19th century England, with its charming and authentic ambiance.
Also not to be missed is the crossing of the Tamsui River, which provides a more complete overview of the area.
As I make my way home on the metro at the end of the day, I am eager to share my thoughts on public transportation in Taipei. The city boasts an extensive underground network that spans both elevated and subterranean terrain, comprising of five comprehensive lines, including one that services the airport.
At every station, you can find convenient machines to purchase a sleek card, which doubles as a charming keepsake. To enter and exit the metro, simply ‘beep’ your card, and the fare is automatically deducted based on the distance traveled. Typically, fares range between 0.40 and one euro.
Within each carriage, there are several signs that detail proper etiquette and conduct. As a reference, I have included a few examples for you to see. Additionally, the same card can also be used on the city’s numerous buses, which feature informative displays.
Though I haven’t had the opportunity to ride the trains yet, I did capture a few snapshots of the magnificent central station.
As the new week dawns, I anticipate a new guide to accompany me on my journey.
Over the years, I have grown familiar with Jing Zhe, a brilliant graphic designer whose exceptional talent captivated me from the very start. Unfortunately, his career path had to take a detour due to his eyesight issues, leading him to pursue teaching.
Despite this setback, I remain optimistic that he will someday return to his true passion – the creative work that ignites his soul and allows him to showcase his brilliance.
My fondness for Jing Zhe runs deep, evident from the fact that I included him in the dedications of my album Universal Laws in 2013. I am overjoyed to finally present him with a copy of this album as a token of my admiration and gratitude.